Saturday, June 20, 2020

Accounting and business ethics - 1650 Words

Accounting and business ethics (Essay Sample) Content: AccountingName Institution One of the most talked about topics in current management is business ethics and its role in corporate social responsibility. Business ethics is a high profile issue in management because of the increasing corporate scandals that continue to hit organizations (Economist, 2002). These corporate scandals have led to extensive destruction of economies and even society. This is why ethics is majorly focused on particularly in accounting. This is why accountants have come up with bodies meant to protect these ethical standards. Ethical standards in accounting were not introduced until 1929 (Ketz, 2006). Before the introduction of these standards, there were no any official accounting standards. Before this time, accountants were not allowed to disclose any information concerning their businesses to any external users. Thus, it must be acknowledged that the introduction of these accounting have helped a lot in improving accounting ethics globally. However, this does not mean that the introduction of these accounting standards have totally eliminated unethical behaviors in accounting (Seabury, 2002). As recent as 2012, Yahoo CEO Scott Thompson was relieved of his duties less than six months in charge after being found guilty of claiming he had both a degree in accounting and computer science. It was later found that he only had a degree in accounting. Despite the minor challenges still faced, it is still clear to see how most of the accounting standards developed since 1929 have revolutionized ethical behaviors in that subject. The current business environment is still a matter of success versus struggle. Some businesses duly obey the laws while others continue to falter in their daily operations. It is only hoped there will come a time when all businesses will follow ethical standards to the letter. In recent years, a lot of companies have been faced by ethical breaches in matters relating to accounting (Sridharan, Dickes, Caines, 2002). Scott Thompsons scandal of 2012 was not highly publicized because the situation in this case did not involve accounting issues. He only lied about having a computer science degree, which is still a breach of accounting ethics, but still does not rate against highly publicized accounting breaches. One of the most scandalous and extensively recognized accounting ethics breaches of all time is the fall of Enron in 2001 (Sridharan, Dickes, Caines, 2002). It is considered a major scandal because it did not only make the company bankrupt, but also led to the downfall of one of the biggest audit companies in the world, Arthur Andersen. Enron grew within a space of 15 years to be ranked as the seventh largest company in the United States. However, its fall began in 2001 when the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) reported that it was looking into Enrons accounting practices. This is after the commission had doubts over some of the shareholders and analysts belonging to th e firm. The investigation that followed revealed some of the write-downs by the firm that reduced the firms credit rating and investor confidence (Seabury, 2002). The inevitable happened as the company declared bankrupt in December 2001. After these events, the SEC reported it would be pursuing charges against high ranking officials in the company including its former CEO Jeffrey Skilling, Kenneth L. Lay, and CFO Andrew Fastow among other high-ranking employees. These employees were charged with manipulating accounting standards knowingly leading to great losses to the company. Skilling and Lay were the most controversial figures during this process as they were tried collectively on 46 counts on issues such as bank fraud, money laundering, conspiracy, and insider trading. The former CEO was later found guilty on 19 counts and condemned to more than 24 years in jail (Economist, 2002). On the other hand, Lay was convicted on 6 counts of fraud and faced about 45 years in prison. Howev er, Lay died in 2006, about three months before his hearing. After the Enron scandal, the Congress decided to pass the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in order to improve accountability in corporations. The company officials were found guilty of disregarding a number of accounting principles. The company was found guilty of money laundering and bank fraud. The officials were also accused of conspiracy among other accounting deceptions. The Enron scandal was not hard to determine because of the number of issues in accounting ethics that were violated along the way (Ketz, 2006). It was easier to detect because bank fraud and money laundering were some of the ethical values violated. But since the conspirators well organized their plan, it took a lot of time to find their plan. The scandal became publicized when the press started following close communications between Mr. Lay and other senior officials in Enron. Capitol Hill also begun talking of the close association Kenneth Lay, the Chairman of Enron had with the then President George W. Bush and other Republican officials. It was believed that most of the money being laundered was being collected for campaigns (Economist, 2002). It was also revealed that Mr. Lay and other senior officials were making a lot of money from the shares belonging to the firm, while other junior workers pension funds were largely invested in the company stock for a long period of time. This was a ploy to prevent these employees from selling their shares in time. Management failed to create an ethical environment because it was involved in the money laundering. They did not want to do anything that could lead to public suspicion. There is one issue that attracted more attention of the ethical violations that were happening in Enron (Seabury, 2002). For instance, what governs the pubic capital markets and most importantly the role of auditors? This is real reason why Arthur Andersen collapsed with the fall of Enron. The Enron conduct was detected because it had political links. Both the former CEO and the current one had political connections with the Republican Party. This was one of the paths that led the SEC from catching the culprits. The fall of Enron led to both social and economic impacts in the United States. One of the major collapses was the liquidation of the whole firm. Before 2000, Enron was famously referred to as the darling of Wall Street. However, its collapse led to lose of jobs, affected many pension funds, and dumped the Wall Street into misery. Many people still fail to understand how a company as big as Enron could collapse in an overnight without the fraudsters being caught earlier in the process (Seabury, 2002). This was all due to the work of CFO Andrew Fastow who was promoted in 1998. He came up with a way of fooling people that the company was in great shape when indeed money was being laundered. This scheme was known as special purpose entities (SPE). This scheme allowed the firm to hide assets that were performing badly, thus, keeping them off the companys books. However, this conspiracy could not go on for a long time and by April 2001, the transparency of Enrons earnings came into question (Sridharan, Dickes, Caines, 2002). Few months later the company was in a free fall. High ranked officials left their posts led by CEO Ken Lay. In October 2001, the company reported its first quarterly loss. The effect of this was closing its SPE in order to avoid distribu...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Women and Advertisements Essay - 2564 Words

Women and Advertisements The average American is exposed to hundreds of advertisements per day. Advertisements targeted toward females have an enormous effect on womens thoughts, attitudes, perceptions, and actions. Most of the time, women dont even realize these advertisements are formulating self-image issues. These ideals surround them daily and they become naturalized to the ads. Advertising creates an entire worldview persuading women to emulate the images they see all around them. In order to create a market for their products, companies constantly prey upon womens self esteem, to feel like they arent good enough just the way they are. This makes women constantly feel stressed out about their appearance (Moore). Advertising†¦show more content†¦The ideal weight portrayed in advertisements keeps decreasing, which is making dieting more popular. Fad diets area everywhere trying to give us â€Å"loose weight quick† plans. According to a study done by the Body Image Project in 2000, roughly 80 percent of 10 year olds have already tried dieting (â€Å"What†). Dieting advertisements even depict overweight women as miserable. They are slightly overweight with stringy hair and a frown on their face. Women relate to this image and become unhappy with themselves like the women in the picture. The people in the after photos always look so glamorous! They are slimmer, happier, have a smile on their face, and total makeovers. Even the advertisements for weight loss products are fake and exaggerated, but women see these images and want to be like them. These diets are too strict and not long term, thus, creating a recurring cycle of disappointment and failure. There are diet pills, cellulite creams, metabolism boosters, and even products that claim to put â€Å"exercise in a bottle† at every end cap of major discount stores (â€Å"Every†). All these products encourage women to want to look better. Companies need to advertise a healthy lifestyle rather than telling people they should do whatever it takes to look like the images seen on TV. Women have a sense of pride when they loose a few pounds or have a good hair day. That feeling is rapidly taken away when they compare themselves to these manufactured images. Poor self-esteem ensues.Show MoreRelatedAdvertisement Advertisements For Women s Advertising921 Words   |  4 Pagessearch of customers for the companies’ products. As a result, the necessity of target-advertising can’t be underestimated. After all, women had no reason to purchase a $50000 necklace until Pandora proposed the tagline, ‘your jewelry isn’t just jewelry,’ in its latest advertisement in Cosmopolitan Magazine (Pandora. Cosmopolitan). In that regard, modern advertisements paint a stereotypical image of an ‘ideal’ woman as the classy being, appareled in artificial, perhaps fake, beauty. If it’s not theRea d MoreWomen And Women s Advertisement843 Words   |  4 PagesMen and Women’s Advertisement A commercial is one of the advertisements that we could see in life. When you turn on television, you could see a lot of commercials before programs start. In Men’s Men and Women’s Women, Steve Craig, an author, claims that â€Å"advertisers seem quite willing to manipulate †¦ fantasies and exploit our anxieties, especially those concerning our gender identities.† However, Stan Hope disagrees since he assumes that â€Å"the ads he describes are just light hearted to stories designedRead MoreThe Objectification and Dehumanization of Women in Advertisement1250 Words   |  5 Pagesexpose ourselves to thousands of advertisements in a wide variety of environments where ever we go; yet, we fail to realize the influence of the implications being sold to us on these advertisements, particularly about women. Advertisements don’t just sell products; they sell this notion that women are less of humans and more of objects, particularly in the sexual sense. It is important to understand that the advertising worlds’ constant sexual objectification of women has led to a change in sexualRead MoreThe Objectification of Women in Advertisements Essay1064 Words   |  5 PagesThe objectification of women is a huge issue in society and is often led by advertising. However many men still believe that the adverts depicting women in a sexual and often passive posture are not very offensive but rather very funny or sexy. However how would they feel if it were their daughter or sister being advertised throughout the world as a sex object? The Tiger Beer advertisement shown in the appendix is a clear example of the objectification of women in advertising. The Tiger Beer advertRead MoreAdvertisements that Glorify Violence Against Women1045 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertisers have countless subtle ways of presenting advertisements to sell products, but a lot of these advertisements may go way beyond the selling of products. Advertisements with regard to violent sexual scenes against women may actually be sending subliminal messages that violence is okay. Looking at these advertisements, it is not hard to see that there is a deeper meaning behind them than to just sell a product. With Sexual and violent Advertisements we may even be able to make the statement thatRead MoreMen Vs. Women in Advertisements Essay741 Words   |  3 PagesMen Vs. Women and Advertisements Since the emergence of advertising in American culture one thing that has remained constant is the visible truth that men and women are portrayed differently. In consideration to the evolution of man kind gender roles have evolved immensely throughout time, although advertisements have not kept up with this process of evolution. Companies to this day use their tactics and skills to reach out to specific genders such as pretty fonts with a stylish message, whileRead MoreEffects Of Advertisements On Women s Body784 Words   |  4 PagesOff With Her Head If advertisements are going to cut off women’s heads or faces, then they should also cut off a man’s face and head. If advertisements are selling the same product then both men and women need to be treated equally, when it comes to being paid. Have you ever looked at an ad and thought wow that man has a sexy body. Men have you ever looked at an ad and thought wow that women has a sexy body. Well, you’re not the only one. However, have you ever noticed that one add, where youRead MoreHydroxycut Advertisements and Their Effects on Young Women2144 Words   |  9 PagesInstructor Reyes English 102 29 April 2012 Hydroxycut Advertisements and Their Effects on Young Women Iovative Health Sciences, Inc. is the owner of the diet supplement brand Hydroxycut. The company advertises through numerous media channels to reach its countless viewers. The Hydroxycut advertisements are most commonly visual images like commercials, billboards, and print ads that carry a voice all their own. With teen girls and young women being the majority of Hydroxycut’s audience it is onlyRead MoreAdvertisements And Geared Towards Young Women1776 Words   |  8 PagesHow is abortion portrayed in advertisements and geared towards young women Throughout society, people are torn over the issue of abortion, whether you are pro-choice or pro-life. There are people who want abortion to become illegal, putting an end to the decision started so long ago under Roe vs. Wade. It is through advertisements that women are targeted rather than just educated about the facts and the topic at hand. Advertisements can sway opinions because they prey on societies emotionsRead MoreGendered Advertisements On Women s Advertising1873 Words   |  8 PagesGendered Advertisements Advertisements in todays media portray an unrealistic view of what it means to be a man or a woman. It is a very narrow, dichotomous structure that only few individuals can fit. We are exposed to these ads, in various forms, hundreds of times throughout the day. There is no in between. Magazines geared towards men and women’s interests are completely saturated with these advertisements. Magazine advertisements impose an unrealistic portrayal of how to â€Å"do gender† and they

Monday, May 18, 2020

A Companys Business Model - 1508 Words

A company’s business model is a key factor in affecting a stock’s price especially in a recession. For example, companies that rely on consumer spending are at the mercy of their customer’s budget, which is often reduced in a recession; this translates into less on the bottom line, and therefore affects the business’s stock price. Industries such as the travel industry are heavily affected by economic downturn because consumers can relatively control how much they must travel and how much they go on vacation, and so on and so forth. In a slump, an average family of four may forgo going on vacation to the beach, but still have to buy shampoo to wash their hair. Essential products, sold by corporations, such as toilet paper, toothpaste, laundry detergent, or shampoo are not as affected by recessions because these products are always needed despite the economic climate. A company’s management team is also a big factor which can affect a company’ s bottom line as well as it’s market valuation. A great management team can turn an unprofitable business model into a profitable one, but conversely, a bad management team can convert a profitable business into an unprofitable one—this is why Warren Buffet is an admirer of company’s that are so easy to run that an idiot can run them because sooner or later one will. A quote by Buffett illustrates the importance of great employees and or management. â€Å"Somebody once said that in looking for people to hire, you look for threeShow MoreRelatedGoogle s Internal And External Organisational Skills1625 Words   |  7 Pageseffectively make changes towards the company’s internal and external organisational skills, resources and functional competences moreover, reviewing the company’s strengths, as a result of adapting to the new change(Newth, F 2012), that is, the re positioning of Google’s online shopping paid model. This is a crucial change t o develop, as vice president of product management for Google shopping, Sameer Samat, explained that by repositioning to an all-paid model will increase further trustworthy data(SullivanRead MoreHow Competitive Advantage And How Does It Manage A Company s Business Model?1035 Words   |  5 Pagesadvantage, and how does it relate to a company’s business model? Competitive advantage is that a company has better ability in earning profit and profit growth compared to its competitors for the same group of customers in one industry. Management level uses the business model to establish the strategies for the company’s operation and thus create competitive advantage over the company’s rivals and make more profit. 2. Describe the strategic planning model, and who is involved in the strategy-makingRead MoreDeveloping an e-Business Strategy Essay1276 Words   |  6 PagesAt the core of the development of an e-business strategy for any particular organization lays several issues that need to be spotted on by any person who intends to successfully develop either a B2C e-business model or a B2B e-business model. Due to the rapid development of technology and globalization in the 21st century, e-business has suddenly become an important means of conducting business transactions given the big difference in both businesses and consumers’ way of living prior and duringRead MoreHow And Who Makes Strategy At The Corporate Level1631 Words   |  7 PagesQuestions on Chapter 9 1. How and who makes strategy at the corporate level? How companies with multi business Model formulate their strategies and what they target in their strategies. Corporate level includes chief executive officer (CEO) board of directors, corporate staff whose responsibility to supervise the strategic development and to make sure that business strategies are followed correctly with maximizing profitability and sustain competitive advantage. Strategic managers decide in whichRead MorePorters Five Forces1232 Words   |  5 PagesUniversity 04 October 2012 Abstract Michael Porter’s Five Forces model is a very sophisticated theory for calculating a company s economical standing. Michael Porter established a structure that shapes a structure that monitors an industry and is often used in strategic planning. Porter s detailed five forces model is one of the most frequently used business strategy tools and additional ease and effectiveness to havemany situations within in America and withinRead MoreThe Company’S Board Of Directors Plays A Determinative1392 Words   |  6 PagesThe company’s Board of Directors plays a determinative role is assessing the company’s internal and external risks. The effective risk management is an integrated part of the company’s successful business performance. The Board is ought to identify, measure, and manage the potential risks and hazards. The Board ought to evaluate the efficiency of the company’s internal controls’ management, its strengths, and weaknesses. The Board of Directors decides on the scope of the actions necessary to maximizeRead MoreAir Canada Aligned Business Strategy With Information Technology1191 Words   |  5 PagesAir Canada Aligned Business Strategy with Information Technology In 2014, Air Canada achieved its best full year financial performance in the Corporation s 77-year history, said Calin Rovinescu, President and Chief Executive Officer. (Air Canada Website CIO 2015) Adjusted net income was $531 million, representing an increase of 56.2 per cent year-over-year.† The purpose of this paper is to examine how Air Canada in 2011 successfully aligned their business strategy and Information TechnologyRead MoreIntegrated Reporting And Its Impact On International Recognition1213 Words   |  5 PagesDrivers of and Problems with Traditional Model Over the past half of a century, companies have been exposing an increasing quantity of information to meet the needs of stakeholders. Particularly, they have presented complementary information to providers and potential investors who greatly concern and predict the trend from financial statement. According the research from ACCA1 concluded that investors say: â€Å"A link is missing between current reporting, business strategy and risk, and we do not believeRead MoreCustomer Value Proposition : Mcdonald s Owner Value1094 Words   |  5 Pagesby tracking Internet usage data, and the company ensures that customers are receiving the most value possible through this free service. 2. Owner Value Proposition – McDonald’s owner value proposition hinges on its sales. With the franchise business model, the company as a whole is able to take a percentage of total net sales that each of its franchise stores receives, and also make profits from franchises in which the company is a majority owner. The company as a whole faces many costs, suchRead MoreDecision Based Modeling : Case Study876 Words   |  4 PagesDecision Based Modeling The purpose of this paper is to review a business case presented by a laboratory services company and make recommendations on how best to incorporate required changes and the impact it will have on current and future operations. Prior to making any recommendation, a review of the company’s existing business operations is required. This assessment will afford the decision maker various tools in which informed decisions can be made. More times than not, multiple options

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The American Of The Vietnam War Essay - 1872 Words

Many contemporary American artists address an extensive variety of themes significant to their adopted country while some focus on issues relevant to their country of origin like the subject of war . War has been considered as a major theme, and it’s reality is a great inspiration in writing and has created endless creativity for artists. In particular, the Vietnamese-American artist Dinh Q. Là ª often chooses the subject of the Vietnam war to express his thoughts, concerns, and the message of peace in his artworks. Dinh Le and his family had lived through the Vietnam war (1975) and then he immigrated to Los Angeles at age 10 in order to avoid the fight between Vietnamese troops and Cambodian Khmer Rouge, and then started pursuing art in the U.S. Although he was far away from his country, his art seemed like he could not escape from Vietnam’s long-lasting conflict. Therefore, he decided to study photography, then got a Master s degree at the School of Visual Arts(New Y ork), but he still sometimes had a feeling of living in exile in a sense of ambiguousness. He calmed himself down by participating in some meetings with American veterans; however, he was not satisfied with the single voice from one side which was based on their memories from the Vietnam war, and not hearing any voices from the Vietnam side of the conflict. As a result, he decided to research the history of the war to get a deeper understanding of his country’s struggles. And the Vietnam( American) warShow MoreRelatedThe American War in Vietnam1012 Words   |  5 Pagessimilar to the theory of what the U.S. believed would happen if one country, Vietnam, was to fall to communism. This is what caused the war between North Vietnam the communist lead government and the anti-communist South (Encyclopedia Britannica1). How does a war relate to a game enjoyed by millions of people all over the world? Just like in a game of dominos, you set them up and watch them fall, the Vietnam War was the same. Vietnam and the countries surrounding it had worked very hard for independenceRead MoreAmerican War And The Vietnam War Essay1714 Words   |  7 PagesSecond World War and the Vietnam War, national unity in the United States and American patriotism began to disintegrate and morph as the nation progressed from the 1940s through the 1970s. During WWII, the United States military fought a foe that the American public, and the world alike, saw as an enemy to the human race, which caused Americans to unify in their efforts to fight in the battle. In contrast, US military actions in Vietnam were not fully backed by the American public or American allies,Read MoreThe American Of The Vietnam War1208 Words   |  5 PagesWhen Penn first sat down with me to tell me his story, he asked if anyone in my family had ever served in a war. I responded by telling him my father was a marine before I was born. â€Å"No, your father is a marine. Once you’re a marine, you†™re always a marine,† Penn corrected. Gentle in his demeanor and free with his sense of humor, Penn went on to tell me his story as a veteran of the Vietnam War. Penn graduated from the University of St. Thomas with a degree in business in 1967. He initially tookRead MoreThe American War : The Vietnam War1379 Words   |  6 PagesConsider the Vietnam War, The Cold War, or even the Spanish-American War: it’s safe to assume that the mere mention of these wars evoke some feeling of recognition, whether it resurfaces a rather passionate opinion or an unwelcome flashback to U.S history class. The Philippine-American War illicites a much tamer response, unless, of course, you’re asking a Filipino or a history buff. In fact, the Philippine-American War is often times referred to as ‘The Forgotten War’ for that very reason. DespiteRead MoreVietnam War and American Culture1684 Words   |  7 Pages Vietnam Wars Impact on American Culture Donna Whittle DeVry University Introduction to Humanities I. Introduction and Thesis Statement In the 1960’s America went through many cultural changes. Martin Luther King Jr., a civil rights activist, delivered his famous, â€Å"I have a dream† speech. African Americans were fighting for peace, freedom and equality. The United States was involved in the Vietnam War, committed to anti-communism. African Americans were deployedRead MoreThe Vietnam War On American Society932 Words   |  4 Pagesaccentuating the growing success and power that Vietnam held. America was calm at first as they held the belief that Vietnam would serve as a barrier to communism. Unfortunately, when communism kept spreading, America panicked. American troops were sent into Vietnam and the citizens of America were lied to about the reason for the presence of the troops in Vietnam. The years 1964 to 1975 were characterized by the negative effects of the Vietnam war on American society and how they heightened social, politicalRead MoreThe American Civil War And The Vietnam War1561 Words   |  7 Pagesnever, never believe any war will be smooth and easy, or that anyone who embarks on the strange voyage can measure the tides and hurricanes he will encounter. The statesman who yields to war fever must realize that once the signal is given, he is no longer the master of policy but the slave of unforeseeable and uncontrollable events.† - Sir Winston Churchill. Throughout history, men have fought battles to protect and serve for their country. Some men become injured at war and others don t get toRead MoreAmerican History: The Vietnam War1670 Words   |  7 Pagesof the American Independent Party. The candidates did not know it at the time, but they would become part of the Presidential Election that would help shape American Politics to what they are today. The election of Richard Nixon in 1968 marked a turning point in the American political ideology, ultimately sparking a conservative revolution that would last the better part of the next 24 years. 1968 was one of the most chaotic and violent years in American history. The Vietnam War was beingRead MoreAmerican Involvement in the Vietnam War1078 Words   |  5 Pagesinternational affairs. In this particular case communism in Vietnam was the flame that leered American bugs in, not knowing that they would be brutally burned by communism in the end. From 1953 to 1961, all the initial decisions involving Vietnam were made by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who once served as the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe as well as the first Supreme Commander of NATO. Thus, Eisenhower was very knowledgeable about war issues and was prepared to tackle pending conflictsRead MoreAmerican Culture : The Vietnam War2157 Words   |  9 Pages1102 February 22, 2015 The Vietnam War On February 28th 1991 after the speedy 100-hour ground war against Iraqi troops, George W Bush proclaimed proudly: â€Å"By God, we’ve kicked the Vietnam Syndrome once and for all† The fall of Saigon had not marked the end of the Vietnam as Bush accurately conceded to the people, the repercussions of the war can still be seen today in American culture, it has sustained through the Vietnam veterans, as the basis for the support of anti-war precedencies, and morphed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

U.s. Congress Declared War Against Mexico Essay - 1681 Words

May Thirteenth, Eighteen-Forty Six, The U.S. Congress declared war against Mexico. The U.S. congress, pushed by president James K. Polk, declared war in light of many differences of political standings with a few hot button topics. The main points of issue where the two countries opposing views on slavery, the annexation of Texas and California , as well as the idea of the Manifest Destiny. The standings Mexico and the United States had on these problems directed the countries for war. The United States had numerous advantages in comparison to the Mexico ; government, troops, supply, strategy, and leadership. Mexico had been dealing with mass points of corruption within their military leaders, as well as their own political leaders. These matters lead to the downfall of Mexican rule in Texas. The Aftermath of the war, resulted in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, newly inherited property, future economic inflation for the united states, the expansion westward, and brought issues to li ght that eventually sparked the Mexican- American war of eighteen-forty six and ended with the tragedy of the US civil war. However, previous to the Mexican-American war these debatable topics provoke the thought of war. By Eighteen-forty Six, the debates on these topics caused tensions to amplify until finally on May thirteenth, war was officially declared against Mexico from the united states. Even with the declaration of war against Mexico, Mexico itself never declared war against theShow MoreRelatedMexican American War : The United States784 Words   |  4 Pages Mexican-American War The Mexican-American War is one of the deadliest wars in U.S. History. This war was a Battle driven by Manifest Destiny for the Americans to acquire the territory of Texas that they felt belonged to them. But Mexico refused to give up the territory to the United States. The war consisted of several issues between the United States and Mexico that couldn’t be negotiated or resolved without the use of force. After a border incident between Mexican and American troops. PresidentRead MoreThe United States and World War I Essay1703 Words   |  7 PagesInvestigation When the First World War erupted in Europe on July 28, 1914; President Woodrow Wilson formally proclaimed that the United States would remain neutral on August 4, 1914. However, the United States did not stick to this proclamation, and eventually became involved in the war efforts. This investigation aims to evaluate the reasons the United States violated their neutrality in order to join the war. In inquiring into the reasons of the United States’ entry into the war, the Zimmermann telegramRead MoreWorld War I Was A Neutral Nation1508 Words   |  7 Pages World War 1 When World War 1 started, the U.S. was a neutral nation. There was more than one reason why the U.S.joined the war. The Lusitania s sinking was the one of the biggest influences on the American decision to enter the war. German submarine warfare sunk many ships (including the Lusitania) over several years. There were a lot of people who were against joining the war but public opinion was turned towards joining the war mostly because of Germany’s military acts, so the U.S. joinedRead MoreThe Annexation of Texas Essay580 Words   |  3 PagesThe Mexican War of 1846-1848 was one of major importance to U.S. history, but has since fallen into annals of obscurity. It was the nation’s first war fought on foreign soil: a war that advocated the concept of â€Å"manifest destiny†, the United States God-given right to claim territory for the establishment of a free democratic society (Stevenson 2009). Even though many historians claim the war was forced on Mexico by slav eholders greedy for new territory, President John Polk viewed the war as an opportunityRead MoreThe American Of The Mexican American War1121 Words   |  5 PagesMexican-American War was a gruesome and bloody battle involving the two major powers between the Americans and the Mexicans. The first major power was the annexation of Texas and the second power is the protection along with the acquisition of the territory. States provinces such as California, Texas and New Mexico is inherited by Mexico from Spain. Mexico government was weakened and practically bankrupt after the war and was unable to take control of their territories. Before the war started, thereRead MoreThe United States During World War I1506 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States during World War I extended their â€Å"military, economic, and/or political control† to other weaker countries like, Hawaii, Cuba, Guam, and Puerto Rico. They were following the policy of Imperialism.1 Imperialism allows for nations to be able to trade with one another and businesses preferred it because it helped the United States economy. Nationalism is when the people of a nation are under one government and this played a key factor in starting world war one. There was tension betweenRead MoreThe Doctrine Of Manifest Destiny By John Louis O Sullivan1686 Words   |  7 Pagesto the United States. As a result, the idea of westward expansion led to the events, such as the victory of James K. Polk in the United States’ presidential campaign in 1844, the United States’ treaty with Britain over Oregon, the Mexican American War, and the revival of the issue of slavery in the United States. Throughout the United States’ presidential election of 1844, many Americans strongly believed that God had manifestly destined the United States for expansion to spread their democraticRead MoreThe American Of The Mexican American War Essay730 Words   |  3 Pages 1 Thomas Gordon The Mexican-American War 28 January 2015 US History University of Phoenix In 1846-1848 was the first time the U.S would fight a war on foreign soil, it was called the Mexican-American war. At this time Mexico was just starting to develop into a government and was extremely confused and leadership was split between decisions. While the U.S government was head over heels about pushing the country’s borders farther and farther across North America with onlyRead MoreThe Election Of 1844 Pitted James Polk1394 Words   |  6 Pagesof 1844 pitted James Polk, a Democrat expansionist, against Whig leader Henry Clay. One of Polk’s slogan was called, 54 °40 or Flight, which supported pushing foreign troops past that latitude and out of the Oregon Territory. Fundamentally, that was jointly administered by the United States and British in Canada. Polk’s supporters also wanted the immediate annexation of Texas as well as expansion into the Mexican-claimed territories of New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Clay, too, favored expansionRead MoreTh e Annexation Of The United States1515 Words   |  7 Pagesannexation process was proposed by John Tyler. Unfortunately, President Martin Van Buren struck down the annexation of Texas out of fear that this would expand slave territory and ensue war with Mexico. The Treaty of Annexation, Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexican-American War and Joint Resolution of Congress all impacted the annexation process. In June of 1844, the United States Senate considered a treaty which had been submitted for ratification; this treaty was the Treaty of Annexation. The

Abstract Affirmative Free Essays

Abstract affirmative (AA) action is a policy that the government created for counteracting discrimination against people. This happened for the reason of presenting people the chance of gaining equal opportunities for employment education and business. Many of our formal presidents has authorized executive orders that was meant for all hiring to be free from discrimination of race, color, or national origin with all government contractors and the other specifically for associations that had accepted federal contracts and subcontracts intended to end discrimination within the workforce towards individuals where the focus was on race, color, religion, and national origin. We will write a custom essay sample on Abstract Affirmative or any similar topic only for you Order Now Soon after affirmative action was changed to include no prejudice against ones gender. Affirmative action consequently established preferential treatment towards all minorities and women in the hiring process and the chance to receive a higher education. affirmative action holds private employers accountable as well. during the civil rights movement affirmation action was a tool that proposed opportunities for women and minorities and to provide equality for them. there are noted changes in how colleges recruit and enroll students housing and also how using public transportation where now blacks can sit anywhere since Rosa Parks. Since affirmative action was primarily intended on improving chances for African Americans in employment and education but there is still a low percentage of improvement that is why an executive order was signed and it required all government and private industry jobs to increase the number of women disable individuals and minorities to either receive employment or to have the ability to gain an education or have additional training for work enhancement. There are numerous organization that uses affirmative action and equal employment opportunity policies within their business structure there is still a controversy today surrounding these issues. I researched to see if equal employment opportunity and affirmative action policies mean the same thing. equal employment opportunity definition is that it bans all types of discrimination. this means that no matter the race or gender everyone has the same chance of obtaining and getting promotions and the added incentive of training as the workforce continues to grow. But then affirmative action focus on past discrimination acts which were meant to give women, disabled individuals, and minorities an equal footing in gaining employment and a higher education. it was to create equality between the workers and employers however it has caused extra adversity in the workforce. because many believed that jobs held by whites were being jeopardized. has affirmative action been consistently and effectively used to create a more robust and productive workforce I would say yes; affirmative action has made it possible for many to see and earn their desired goals such as their life dreams. I feel that there are still many obstacles but if one applies themselves there are no limitations. Barak Obama was our nation’s first black president and there are many who hold prominent leadership roles that which also includes women. recently in the news it was announced that the FBI for the first time in history may have a woman heading this department. though affirmative action has come a long way there are those who still discriminate and don’t offer equal chances for others to succeed. Affirmative action has allowed the workforce to become more diverse in races genders and cultures. we must remember that the affirmative action is not about letting minorities to get into college or to get a job but it’s about giving qualified individuals no matter their race a chance that they may not get otherwise. in conclusion has affirmative action been consistently and effectively used to create a more robust and productive workforce i would say yes it has worked extremely well. I hope to see it continue because there are many more who could benefit from this program. How to cite Abstract Affirmative, Papers

How Does the Stock Market Affect the Economy free essay sample

As the Nasdaq fell in 2000, the overall venture capital investing also decreased from the once â€Å"booming† pace that was known through the 1990’s. The declining stock prices affect firms in several ways, as well as impacting their sales to consumers. The rising importance of venture capital for funding growing business will also make it harder quite hard to exactly determine select magnitudes. According to this article, stocks prices do affect firms because they increase shareholder pressure on managers to cut cost and are forced to lay off workers. When stock prices go down tremendously it affects a firms value of the stock and the stock options. It is unclear whether or not this affects payroll costs and inflation. There is minimal data to prove whether it does or not, but we can say on some scale mainly small it has to. The third factor bringing down the stock prices is them seeming weaker or more uncertain profit outlook which causes investors to demand higher risk premiums which boosts the cost of financing business investment. We will write a custom essay sample on How Does the Stock Market Affect the Economy? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page An additional factor that affects firm’s behavior is Tobin’s q theory of investment. According to this theory, firms have less incentive to invest in capital if there is a fall in the ratio of q of the cost of buying new capital. Overall in this market stock prices do affect firms from doing more business, employee turnover, and getting investors to continue investing in their business. Next market that may or may not be affected by stock prices is the household sector. One can assume that lower stock prices are correlated with greater uncertainty and lower confidence due to past data and occurrences that cause economists to believe this. According to this article, â€Å"most estimates of stock wealth effects imply that for every $100,000 to decline in stock wealth, annual consumption falls by roughly $3,000 to $5,000 over the long run. † We can then interpret from this excerpt that yes over the long run less consumers are willing to spend when the Nasdaq decreases remarkably more so than normal which inter does affect the economy. This article also correlates wealth as being the only sector of people that are truly affected by stock prices plummeting. Article states that stock prices alter people’s expectations of future economic growth whether it’s their own or not. Playing devil’s advocate would be an economist that states 1 to 5 percent of families that stock prices decline are unlikely to affect spending. Maki and Palumbo have concluded by using data across different groups of households, the two new Federal Reserve studies have provided sufficient evidence that stock prices affect consumer spending through a â€Å"wealth channel. Our overall opinion on this subject is that stock prices do affect the economy, however not by a substantial amount. The fact of the matter is that people still spend money, and the firms still move on and continue their business, and households are merely enthused. I would say just from personal experience working for a fortune 500 company that whenever the company I work for stocks go down by $5. 00 dollars, no one cares. It’s only when it goes from $95. 00 to $34. 0 th at people start to panic and worry about the security of their job. Of course stock prices are not the only deterrent to a poor economy, many factors are involved and in play that negatively affect our economy. I gather from this article is that is what the author way trying to convey. Yes stock prices do have an influence over the economy, but other occurrences and situations affect it as well. It will be interesting to see as I monitor the stock market more closely how different markets adapt or change if anything at all.